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The property market 2023 – sustainable growth and divergent trends

The Bulgarian real estate market has undergone noticeable trends and changes in the last two years, influenced by both domestic and international factors. This market analysis provides an overview of key developments, including changes in property prices, demand patterns, investment opportunities and relevant economic indicators.

Property prices and trends

Over the past two years, the Bulgarian real estate market has witnessed a steady rise in property prices, driven by a combination of factors such as low interest rates, increased demand and limited supply. Large cities such as Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna recorded the highest price growth, especially for urban residential properties and well-located commercial areas. The pandemic has accelerated the shift to telecommuting, driving demand for larger homes with home offices, gardens and proximity to amenities.

Supply and demand

Demand for real estate in Bulgaria is strong, both from local buyers and foreign investors. The country's relatively low cost of living, attractive natural landscapes and growing popularity as a tourist destination contributed to this demand. However, supply is limited due to slower construction activities, bureaucratic challenges and land availability constraints, especially in prime locations.

Foreign investment

Foreign investments in Bulgarian real estate have been noticeable in the last two years. Investors, especially from Western European countries, are showing interest in both residential and commercial properties. Also contributing to this trend is the Golden Visa program, which offers residency to non-EU investors who invest a certain amount in Bulgarian properties. Investors are looking for rental income, capital appreciation and lifestyle properties.

Economic Indicators

Bulgaria's economic indicators influenced the real estate market. Although the country has moderate GDP growth, unemployment rates remain relatively high, impacting affordability for some local buyers. The pandemic has also had an impact on economic stability, forcing government stimulus measures to support various sectors, including real estate.

Regulatory changes

During the analyzed period, Bulgaria introduced some regulatory changes aimed at improving the real estate market. These include efforts to streamlining the building permit process, improving the protection of property rights and digitizing real estate transactions. Such changes are expected to positively impact investor confidence and market efficiency in the long run.

Risks and challenges

Despite the positive trends, there are risks and challenges in the real estate market in Bulgaria. Bureaucratic hurdles in obtaining building permits, potential oversupply in certain segments and uncertainty related to geopolitical factors may affect market stability. In addition, dependence on foreign investment increases the market's vulnerability to external economic changes.

Future perspective

The Bulgarian real estate market will probably continue to develop in the coming years.Demand for well-located properties with modern amenities is expected to remain strong, especially as telecommuting trends continue. However, market growth may slow due to affordability challenges, regulatory changes and potential changes in investor sentiment. Government initiatives aimed at improving infrastructure and attracting long-term investment could play a crucial role in shaping the trajectory of the market.


The Bulgarian real estate market has shown resilience and growth over the past two years, driven by a variety of factors, including low interest rates, changing demand patterns and foreign investment. Although challenges remain, such as regulatory hurdles and economic uncertainty, the overall market outlook remains positive. As with any investment, thorough research and a clear understanding of market dynamics are critical to making informed decisions in the evolving Bulgarian real estate landscape.

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